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Facts about the NYC Subway System

Annual Ridership:

1.449 billion passengers in 2005.

Number of subway cars:

Roughly 6,200.

Miles of track:

660 miles in passenger service.

Stations:

468 on 26 different routes.

Number of train trips:

2,682,097 in 2005.

Subway car mileage: 

The fleet traveled 352,784,000 miles in 2005.

 


 

ROUTES:  Laid end to end, NYC Transit train tracks would stretch from New York City to Chicago.

 

There are 26 interconnected subway routes, and many lines feature express trains, and across-the-platform transfers to local trains, and "skip-stop" express service.

 

Numbered routes include the:

 

Lettered routes include:

 

There are three permanent shuttle services: Franklin Avenue, Rockaway Park, and 42 Street.

 

 

Longest ride with no change of trains: 

The train from 207th Street in Manhattan to Far Rockaway in Queens (more than 31 miles).

Longest ride with a transfer: 

The train from 241st Street in the Bronx, with a transfer to the Far Rockaway-bound Train (more than 38 miles).

Longest ride between stations:

The train between the Howard Beach/JFK Airport and Broad Channel stations in Queens (3.5 miles).

 


 

STATIONS:  The NYC Subway system has 468 stations - only 35 fewer stations than the combined total of all other subway systems in the country.

 

From the original 28 stations built in Manhattan and opened on October 27, 1904, the subway system has grown to 468 stations, most of which were built by 1930.  Their design represents three distinct styles since two private companies the Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT) and the Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit Corporation (BMT) and the city-owned Independent Rapid Transit Railroad (IND), built them.

 

The primary difference among the three types of stations is platform lengths.  IRT stations have platforms that are 525 feet long; BMT platforms are 615 feet long, and IND platforms are the longest some measuring 660 feet.

 

Over the past 20 years, NYC Transit has rehabilitated or upgraded almost half the stations in the system, making sure to rebuild the distinctive tile mosaics of the stations. In addition, MTA Arts for Transit has commissioned and installed artwork in dozens of stations since 1985.

 

Highest station:

Smith-9 Sts in Brooklyn is 88 feet above street level.

Lowest station:

191 St in Manhattan is 180 feet below street level.

Types of stations:

277 stations are situated underground, 153 rest on elevated structures, 29 are built on embankments and nine lie in "open cuts" (trench-like depressions below street level).

 


 

RIDERSHIP:  In 2005, average weekday subway ridership was 4.7 million, about 1.449 billion a year.  Ridership has increased to 4.8 million in 2006, and in March 2006 reached 4.9 million trips a day the highest number in more than 35 years.

 

Annual Subway Ridership Among the World's Subway Systems in 2005

1.

Tokyo

2.819 billion

2.

Moscow

2.603 billion

3.

Seoul

2.340 billion

4.

New York City

1.449 billion

5.

Mexico City

1.442 billion

6.

Paris

1.336 billion

7.

London

970 million

8.

Osaka

912 million

9.

Hong Kong

858 million

10.

St. Petersburg

821 million

 


 

Track and Power:  The NYC Subway system uses enough power annually to light the city of Buffalo for a year.

 

The distance between the rails is 4 feet 8.5 inches, the same as that of major American railroads.

 

Approximately 660 miles of track are in passenger service.  Counting track used for non-revenue purposes (e.g., in subway yards), the number is more than 840 miles.

 

Substations receive as much as 27,000 volts from power plants and convert it for use in the subway. The third (contact) rail uses 625 volts to operate trains.  Alternating current (AC) operates signals, station and tunnel lighting, ventilation, and miscellaneous line equipment.  Direct current (DC) operates trains and auxiliary equipment, such as water pumps and emergency lighting.

 


 

Percent of Workers taking Public Transit to Work - 2004

1.

New York City

53.2%

2.

Washington

33.6%

3.

Boston

31.8%

4.

San Francisco

29.6%

5.

Philadelphia

27.0%

6.

Newark

25.5%

7.

Chicago

23.6%

8.

Oakland

22.3%

9.

Baltimore

20.5%

10.

Pittsburgh

19.4%

 

Percent of Workers 16 Years and Over Who Traveled to Work by Public Transportation (Excluding Taxicab)

Universe: Workers 16 years and over 

Data Set: 2004 American Community Survey

Ranks among the 70 cities with 250,000 or more people

 


 

Average Time for Workers to Commute to Work - 2004

1.

New York

38.4 minutes

2.

Chicago

35.0 minutes

3.

Philadelphia

33.7 minutes

4.

Newark

32.3 minutes

5.

Los Angeles

30.0 minutes

6.

Stockton

29.3 minutes

7.

Boston

29.0 minutes

7.

Riverside City

29.0 minutes

9.

San Francisco

28.7 minutes

10.

Oakland

28.4 minutes

 

Mean Travel Time to Work of Workers 16 Years and Over Who Did Not Work at Home Universe: Workers 16 years and over who did not work at home

Data Set: 2004 American Community Survey

Ranks among the 70 cities with 250,000 or more people

 


Sources:

New York City MTA

US Census Bureau American Community Survey

Guinness World Records